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1. What is a perfume?

A perfume is a mixture of fragrant essential oils or aroma compounds, fixatives and solvents required to give the human body, objects, and living spaces "a pleasant scent". The word perfume is originated from a Latin word, meaning “a sweet-smelling fluid containing the essence of flowers and other substances”.

2. What are marine fragrances?

The fragrances having a fresh, sea-like character, i.e. The one that corresponds to the scents in the beaches, sea coasts and sea air are known as marine fragrances.

3. What does "fragrance life" means?

Fragrance life is a considerable period of time through which the fragrance last,i.e. From the time it evolves to the time when only last lingering traces are left.

4. What is meant by diffusion of perfume?

Diffusion is the ability of a perfume to reach out from your skin almost captivating you as well as others in its aura. Also the ability of a perfume to travel through the air, also known as effusiveness tells the greatness of a perfume.

History of Perfumes

1. Which were the first known fragrances on earth?

The first perfumes on the planet was born in Egypt most probably. Egyptians developed aromatic oils and essences 5,000 years ago. They used a large plethora of natural products and extracted sweet mesmerizing fragrances from them.Some of the commonly used elements as aphrodisiacs, medicines, cosmetics and incense were almond and rose oil, frankincense and myrrh, cedar, mimosa and lily, nutmeg, sweet balsam, cassia, benzoin and labdanum, galbanum and opopanax.

2. When is a perfume considered as classic?

The perfumed is termed as a classic one when it is being used with the same passion and spirit for over a period of years surpassing the latest fashion realms and continues to do the same in future. The best known Classic perfume was Chanel no 5 , created in 1921.

Popular Questions

1.How to find a new perfume fit for my soul ?

The fragrances you most enjoy will probably belong to just one or two of the fourteen different fragrance families and therefore the best way to try a new perfume that suits you is to understand the difference between different fragrance families.

2.How many fragrances can I try?

According to the experts you can try only three fragrances at a time. Your sense of smell tires more quickly from similar fragrances than dissimilar ones and trying more than three at a time is literally confusing.

3.What are the best ways to store perfume?

The best way to preserve your perfume is to store them in a cool and dry place away from direct sunlight or heat. Perfumes subjected to extreme heat or cold are prone to loose their balance of oils and aroma changes.

4. How many different smells can I identify?

The normal range of smells that a particular individual can identify lies between 5000-10,000.

5. How to tell that the fragrance is overpowering?

You cannot smell the fragrance you are wearing after a while and therefore people around you can easily tell the effect that your fragrance is creating. If you receive regular compliments, it is a sign that you are wearing the right fragrance rather if people just ask what particular fragrance you are using but make no comments, this mean the perfume is a turn off.

Applying Perfume

1. Where should I apply a perfume?

The best place to apply a perfume is where the skin is warm with a good blood circulation. This helps the fragrance to diffuse well and the aroma gets magnified. The best option is to apply the little of a fragrance to several pulse points.

2. What are the major pulse points in the body?

The major pulse points where you can apply a fragrance are- insides of the wrists, insides of elbows, below the ear lobes, at the base of the throat and behind the knees.

3. Should I spray the perfume or dab it?

You can try either ways. You can use an atomizer also but its spray is not consistent as a natural spray.

4. How to spray a perfume?

Spray the perfume about 20cm away from your skin. If you spray evenly over a wider area, your fragrance will last longer than a generous amount sprayed in a small area. Also, you should never rub one wrist against the other to dry the fragrance because you’ll end up bruising the notes thus worsening their effect.

5. Can I wear two fragrances simultaneously?

No, you should do this because each perfume is a balanced, complete creation. Wearing fragrances on top of another will allow you to create a scentsation but you are more likely to produce an odor.

Fragrance Structure

1. How is Perfume created?

Perfume is made by finding a harmony of three or more dominant bodies that you smell in your mind if you have an inspiration for a mixture of those three or four bodies, not more. And once the mixture is created, you will not be able to distinguish one odor from the other among your basic raw materials. The mixture becomes perfectly balanced which smells as a separate entity from the odor of each of the three or four bodies you have chosen.

2. How many ingredients does a perfume contain?

It is not fixed but it varies from fragrance to fragrance. A perfume may have 10, 50, 100 or more different materials but it doesn’t necessarily follow that a fragrance with 300 ingredients is superior than one containing merely10. Be it only 10 or be it 300, the key is how different ingredients blend together to provide you with a divine fragrance .

3. What are fragrance notes?

Fragrance notes are the different phases through which a fragrance develops when you spray it on your skin or squirt it in the air. Each of these stages or groups of “notes” has a different degree of volatility.

The head or top notes of the fragrance are the first impression which is apparent as soon as the fragrance is released in the air.. These are the light volatile notes that burst on your skin as you first spray, the aroma you experience as you open a bottle. However, top notes are very volatile. They hardly last 10 to 15 minutes.

No sooner than the first notes fade, the heart or middle notes bloom on your skin. These notes form the core of the composition, and are the dominant theme of the fragrance.

The middle notes are accentuated and fixed by the base or soul notes. These are the foundation of the fragrance, the notes that bind the other ingredients together. They create the memory that makes the theme linger in your mind, and make the fragrance last for some four to five hours on your skin.

4. What is the lasting period of a good fragrance?

How long a fragrance last on a body depends from person to person. However in general the most concentrated form of a perfume last for six to eight hours and an eau de toilette or American cologne last for three or four hours or more if concentrated.

5. Can I dilute a perfume if it is very concentrated?

Yes, you can.
6. Is there any effect of altitude on fragrance?

Yes, fragrance effect varies with altitude. Higher the altitude, fragrance life goes shorter hence it is advised to take concentrated form of fragrance while traveling to mountains.

Perfume body chemistry and health

1. Why does a perfume work wonders on a friend but not on me?

People have different and unique “scent print” that influences the development of a perfume. This odour-identity is the sum total of our genes, our skin chemistry, diet, medication intake, stress level and, the most important factor of all, the temperature of our skin.The warmth of our skin is critical. Some people have more pores per centimetre than others, or more layers of fat in their skin. Such factors affect the warmth of the skin which inturn influences the scent.

2. Why does my same old fragrance that I have been wearing for years seem different now?

This change is evident because of the change in personal chemistry and body temperature especially if you are on a low fat diet or taking a new medicine. These changes produce new chemicals that come through the pores and changes the fragrance balance on the screen.

3. How does fragrance depend on the skin type?

Yes, fragrance greatly depend on skin type- Oiler the skin, more intense the fragrance will be and will last more longer as oil in the skin dissolves scent molecules well and retains it for a longer time

4. How to apply fragrance to the dry skin?

Dry skin, contrary to the oily skin does not have capacity to absorb scent molecules hence you need to apply the fragrance more often throughout the day to make the scent more apparent.

5. How does perspiration effect fragrances?

Perspiration is caused when the body is heated up and as a result fragrance molecules bounce off the skin quickly. Thus your perfume would smell strong but it wears off in no time. The chemicals in perspiration effects the scent to a great extent.

6. How does smoking effect the way fragrance wears on skin?

Nicotine is a psychoactive substance that changes your body chemistry and affects the way you smell. If you smoke, fragrances will not last longer and your sense of smell becomes duller.

7. Does spicy food have effect on fragrance smell on the body?

Yes, spicy food spice up the oils secreted through the pores of your skin and hence as the skin texture changes, automatically the fragrance will.

Testing a perfume

1. What is the correct way to try a fragrance?

Apply only a few drops or a very light spray to your wrist or a back of your hand. Don't sniff ad wait until perfume comes to life. Give the fragrance a time to blossom on your skin and then listen to the notes.

2. What is the most preferred concentration to use when testing a fragrance?

You must try using lighter fragrance concentrations.

3. How to try several fragrances at once?

You can do this by applying first fragrance to one of the wrists and wait a few minutes. Apply second to the other and the third to insides of an elbow. Wait for fragrances to develop. You can try only three at one as the scent of more than three fragrances at a time is very likely to confuse you.

4. Does sniffing the open bottle tells that the perfume is good?

No, sniffing the open bottle acquaint you with the top notes only which are very volatile and you are unable to sniff the basic middle notes and thus unable to recognize the exact aroma of the fragrance. Also a fragrance needs your skin to come alive and show its effect. Merely sniffing the open bottle does not help.

Mens fragrances

1. Are mens fragrances season specific?

The heavier notes are best in the colder months whereas lighter fragrances are more suited to summers . If you like to wear the more potent, heavier fragrances throughout the year ,you can use the lighter aftershave version as a body cologne in warm months.

2. What is the difference between an aftershave or a cologne?

Colognes are applied to the body whereas aftershaves to the face. Colognes are powerful on account of being blended with more fragrance - anywhere from 5 to 15 per cent essential oils - while aftershaves have a lighter scent, usually around 2 to 4 per cent.

Storage and Maintenance

1. How long will an opened bottle of perfume lost?

Depending upon the fragrance and the blend of ingredients, it would last from six to eighteen months if stored properly. And once you have opened the bottle, you should use it more often as all fragrance deteriorates with time.

2. What is the best way to store a perfume?

The best way to preserve your perfume is to store them in a cool and dry place away from direct sunlight or heat. Perfumes subjected to extreme heat or cold are prone to loose their balance of oils and aroma changes.

If you use different fragrances in different season, you can store the perfume bottle in a vegetable crisper of the refrigerator in order to extend its life such that it can be used effectively after a period of six months.

3. What packaging ensures longer life?

A perfume comes in various packages but it can be said that spray packaging has a longer life than bottle perfumes as spray comes in atomiser which admits less air than a bottle with a screw-on cap . Also it limits contamination of the confined fragrance and slows down the evaporation.

4. How can I say that perfume has gone off or expired?

When the initial notes of the fragrance seems sour on opening the bottle and the color appears changed and concentration seems thicker, it can be said that the perfume has expired.

5. Why does a perfume go cloudy?

The perfume appears cloudy only when few drops of water get into it and especially if a bottle is kept in the bathroom , you are more likely to notice a a nice droplets of water condense on the inside of the bottle.

6. What should I do if I cant remove the stopper on my perfume bottle?

If you can't open the stopper , tap it gently against the wooden surface, not against glass or mirror. A few small taps on sides would help.